Câu tiêu cực (Passive voice) là một trong những cấu tạo cơ bạn dạng không thể vứt qua nếu như bạn đang trong hành trình đoạt được những đỉnh điểm mới trong TOEIC / IELTS / tiếng Anh. Để nắm rõ cách áp dụng của câu bị động các bạn cần thực hành làm nhiều bài xích tập. Trong bài viết này tandk.com.vn sẽ cung ứng cho chúng ta tổng hợp hồ hết bài tập câu bị động tự cơ bản đến nâng cấp và đáp án cụ thể ở cuối bài.

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I. Triết lý về câu thụ động

1. Định nghĩa câu bị động

Câu bị động(Passive Voice) là câu mà công ty ngữ là người hay đồ dùng chịu tác động ảnh hưởng của hành động, được sử dụng để nhấn mạnh đến đối tượng chịu ảnh hưởng của hành động đó. Thì của câu bị động phải tuân theo thì của câu nhà động.

Bài tập câu tiêu cực

The first diagram (1-illustrate)____________the process of cement manufacture, và the second diagram (2-show)_____________ the materials that go into the production of concrete.

It is clear that there are five stages in the production of cement, beginning with the đầu vào of raw materials và ending with bags of the finished product. Lớn produce concrete, four different materials (3-mix)______________ together.

At the first stage in the production of cement, limestone và clay (4-crush)____________ to khung a powder. This powder then (5-mix)______________ before it passes into a rotating heater. After heating, the resulting mixture (6-grind)_______________, và cement (7-produce)______________. Finally, the cement (8-package)_______________in large bags.

Cement is one of the four raw materials that (9-use)_______________ in the production of concrete, along with gravel, sand & water. Lớn be exact, concrete (10-consist)_______________ of một nửa gravel, 25% sand, 15% cement and 10% water. All four materials are blended together in a rotating machine called a concrete mixer.

Bài tập 4

Chuyển đông đảo câu dữ thế chủ động sang câu bị động

When will you vì the work?How are you going to giảm giá with this problem?How bởi vì you spend this amount of money?I wonder whether the board of directors will choose Susan or Jane for the position.How did the police find the lost man?

Bài tập 5

Chuyển những câu sau quý phái thể bị động.

The waiter brings me this dish.Our friends send these postcards to us.Their grandmother told them this story when they visited her last week.Tim ordered this train ticket for his mother.She showed her ticket lớn the airline agent.Jim baked this cake yesterday.They are going to lớn buy a new apartment next year.The shop assistant handed these boxes khổng lồ the customer.The board awarded the first prize lớn the reporter.Have you sent the Christmas cards to your family?The committee appointed Alice secretary for the meeting.Tom will give Anna a ride khổng lồ school tomorrow.They keep this room tidy all the time.We gave Ann some bananas and some flowers.They moved the fridge into the living room.

Bài tập 6

Chuyển các thắc mắc dạng đảo Yes/No lịch sự câu bị động

Do they teach English here?Will you invite her khổng lồ your wedding party?Has Tom finished the work?Did the teacher give some exercises?Have they changed the window of the laboratory?Is she going to write a poem?Is she making big cakes for the party?Are the police making inquires about the thief?Must we finish the demo before ten?Will buses bring the children home?Have you finished your homework?

Bài tập 7

Chuyển các câu hỏi bước đầu bằng từ hỏi “H/WH” sau thanh lịch câu bị động

Why didn’t they help him?How many games has the team played?Where vày people speak English?Who are they keeping in the kitchen?How can they xuất hiện this safe?What books are people reading this year?How did the police find the lost man?Who look after the children for you?How long have they waited for the doctor?What time can the boys hand in their papers?Who lend you this book?How many marks does the teacher give you?

Bài tập 8

Chuyển câu có 2 nhà ngữ lịch sự câu bị động

They paid me a lot of money to bởi the job.The teacher gave each of us two exercise books.Someone will tell him that news.They have sent enough money to lớn those poor boys.They have given the women in most countries in the world the right to lớn vote.

Bài tập 9

Chuyển các câu với đụng từ tường thuật sau sang trọng câu bị động

They think that he has died a natural death.Some people believe that 13 is an unlucky number.They say that John is the brightest student in class.They reported that the President had suffered a heart attack.I knew that they had told him of the meeting.They declared that she won the competition.They rumored the man was still living.People think that Jack London’s life and writing’s represent the American love of adventure.They reported that the troops were coming.People believed that the earth stood still.

Bài tập 10

Chuyển những câu với hễ từ chỉ nhận thức sau sang trọng câu bị động

I have heard her sing this song several times.People saw him steal your car.The teacher is watching the work.He won’t let you bởi vì that silly thing again.People don’t make the children work hard.They made him work all day.The detective saw the woman putting the jewelry in her bag.The terrorists made the hostages lie down.Police advise drivers to use an alternative route.She helps me to bởi all these difficult exercises.

Bài tập 11

Chọn lời giải đúng

An old woman feeds the pigeons.

The pigeons ____________

A. Are fed

B. Were fed by an old woman.

A burglar broke the window.

The window _________

A. Was broken

B. Is broken by a burglar.

Someone has made a mistake.

A mistake ___________

A. Was made

B. Has been made .

Everyone is going to love her.

She _________________

A. Is going to lớn be loved

B. Was going to be loved by everyone.

Cervantes wrote ‘Don Quixote’.

‘Don Quixote’ ___________

A. Was written by Cervantes.

B. Has been written by Cervantes.

She is helping my sister.

My sister ____

A. Is helped

B. Is being helped by her.

Pamela will drive the bus.

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The bus ________

A. Will been driven

B. Will be driven by Pamela.

I was watering the plants.

The plants _______

A. Were being watered

B. Are being watered by me.

Bài tập 12

Sắp xếp trường đoản cú thành câu trả chỉnh

has / The / door / opened. / beenon / is / grass / the / prohibited. / WalkingBreakfast / is / at / served / 8.30.spoken / in / English / is / shop. / thatwere / flowers / The / this / morning. / wateredmeat / been / your / The / has / cat! / stolen / byis / being / Your / hair / brushed.if / they / naughty. / will / be / children / punished / The / areyet. / not / oto / Your / repaired / isbecause / cake / happy / awful / eaten! / been / am / has / I / that

Bài tập 13

Five suspects (A) have be (B) arrested (C) by the (D) police.He was ordered (A) by the (B) doctor to (C) take an (D) long rest.A (A) khiêu vũ class (B) was start (C) last week (D).He were found (A) in the (B) forest by (C) the (D) police.A (A) car is (B) going to lớn been (C) bought (D) tomorrow.These drugs are (A) be (B) destroyed (C) by police (D).I’m from (A) Russia and (B) my family born (C) there (D).

Bài tập 14

1. My room _________________________ in the house by her now.

A. Is being cleaned

B. Are being cleaned

C. Will be cleaned

D. Would be cleaned

2. Tom ___________________________ by Mary since 10 o’clock.

A. Has operated

B. Have been operated

C. Has been operated

D. All are wrong.

3. Someone __________________ to lớn take his place.

A. Must be find

B. Might be find

C. Should be finds

D. Must be found

4. 20 demonstrators ________________________ by the police.

A. Was arrested

B. Were arrested

C. Was arresting

D. A và B

5. That book ______________________ by Tom yesterday.

A. Were bought

B. Bought

C. A & B

D. Was bought

6. Much of the đô thị ______________________ by fire in the 17th century.

A. Was destroyed

B. Is destroyed

C. Are destroyed

D. Were destroyed

7. Work _________________________ by the teacher.

A. Are being watched

B. Was being watched

C. Is being watched

D. B và C

8. My house __________________ red and blue.

A. Are painted

B. Is painted

C. Was painted

D. All are wrong.

9. The grain _________________ to lớn the factory, where it _______________ và ____________________.

A. Are taken / cleaned / is checked

B. Is taken / is cleaned / is checked

C. Was taken / was cleaned / was checked

D. Is taken / is cleaned / checked

10. Jag Niwas _______________________ by Prince Maharana Jagat Singh II.

A. Were built

B. Are built

C. Was built

D. Is built

11. The wall _______________________ before you paint it.

A. Must be cleaned

B. Should cleaned

C. Might been cleaned

D. No answer is right

12. The Garden of Clear Ripples ___________________ by The Qing Emperor Quinlong in the middle of the 16th century.

A. Designed

B. Was designed

C. Were designed

D. B và C

13. This computer _________________________ khổng lồ use

A. Will be continued

B. Would continued

C. Should continue

D. Must continues

14. A lot of food _____________________ these days.

A. Are thrown

B. Were thrown

C. Is thrown

D. Was thrown

Bài tập 15

Đọc đoạn văn sau và chia động từ vào ngoặc nghỉ ngơi dạng đúng của câu bị động

The Titanic was a huge ship. It (112. Build)___________ in Liverpool, England, và sank on its first trip in 1912. Today, you can visit the Titanic Museum in Missouri, USA và see what life was like for people on the Titanic. Visitors (113. Greet) _____________ y people in costumes và (114. Give)__________ tickets for their journey. Inside, the museum (115. Decorate)____________ with things from the real Titanic passengers, like clothes, letters, and jewelry. All the items (116. Keep)____________ in good conditions. You can learn about the passengers & explore the world’s most famous ship.

Đáp án

Đáp án bài bác tập 1This air ticket was ordered for Emma’s mother.Her new dress are lent to her friends (by her).Seven million dollars was left to his relatives (by him).These gifts were handed lớn the customer (by the cửa hàng manager).The first prize was awarded lớn the outstanding (by the board of directors).Have the christmas cards been sent khổng lồ her family?Ann was given some apples and some rose flowers (by us).The fridge was moved lớn the second floor (by my father).Some cups of coffee were brought lớn the visitors in the kitchen (by my mother).The chú ý wasn’t taken to the assistant (by the manager).Đáp án bài bác tập 2repairedto typepaintedwritesentcutcarryĐáp án bài xích tập 3illustratesshowsare mixedare crushedis then mixedis groundis producedis packagedare usedconsistsĐáp án bài bác tập 4When will the work be done?How is this problem going to be dealt with?How is this amount of money spent?I wonder whether Susan or Jane will be chosen for the position by the board of directors.How was the lost man found by the police?Đáp án bài xích tập 5This dish is brought lớn me by the waiter.These postcards are sent khổng lồ us by our friends.They were told this story by their grandmother when they visited her last week.This train ticket was ordered for Tom’s mother by him.Her ticket was shown khổng lồ the airline agent by her.This cake was baked by Jim yesterday.A new apartment is going khổng lồ be bought next year.The customer was handed these boxes by the cửa hàng assistant.The first prize was awarded to lớn the reporter by the board.Have the Christmas cards been sent to your family?Alice was appointed secretary for the meeting by the committee.Anna will be given a ride lớn school by Tom tomorrow.This room is kept tidy all the time.Ann was given some bananas & some flowers by us.The fridge was moved into the living room.Đáp án bài bác tập 6Is English taught here?Will she be invited to your wedding party?Has the work been finished by Tom?Were some exercises given by the teacher?Has the window of the laboratory been changed?Is a poem going to lớn be written?Are big cakes being made for the party?Are inquires about the thief being made by the police?Must the kiểm tra be finished before ten?Will the children be brought home with buses?Has your homework been finished?Đáp án bài bác tập 7Why wasn’t he helped?How many games have been played by the team?Where is English spoken?Who are being kept in the kitchen?How can this be opened safe?What books are being read this year?How was the lost man found by the police?By whom are the children looked after for you?How long has the doctor been waited for?What time can their papers be handed in by the boys?By whom is this book lent?How many marks are given to lớn you by the teacher?Đáp án bài bác tập 8I was paid a lot of money to vày the job.Each of us was given two exercise books by the teacher.He will be told that news.Those poor boys have been sent enough money.The women in most countries in the world have been given the right to vote.Đáp án bài xích tập 9He is thought khổng lồ have died a natural death.13 is believed to be an unlucky number.John is said to be the brightest student in class.The President was reported lớn have suffered a heart attack.They were known to have told him of the meeting.She was declared to win the competition.The man was rumored to lớn be still living.Jack London’s life và writing is thought to lớn represent the American love of adventure.The troops were reported to lớn be coming.The earth was believed to stand still.Đáp án bài bác tập 10 She has been heard to sing this tuy nhiên several times.He was seen to steal your car.The work is being watched by the teacher.You won’t be let to vì chưng that silly thing again.The children are made to work hard.He was made khổng lồ work all day.The woman was seen putting the jewelry in her bag by the detective.The hostages were made lớn lie down by the terrorists.Drivers are advised lớn use an alternative route by police.I am helped to vày all these difficult exercises.Đáp án bài xích tập 11AABAABBAĐáp án bài tập 12The door has been opened.Walking on the grass is prohibited.Breakfast is served at 8.30.English is spoken in that shop.The flowers were watered this morning.The meat has been stolen by your cat!Your hair is being brushed.The children will be punished if they are naughty.our oto is not repaired yet.I am happy because that awful cake has been eaten!Đáp án bài xích tập 13B (be thành been)D (an thành a)C (start thành started)A (were found thành was found)C (been thành be)A (are thành will)C (born thành was born)Đáp án bài tập 14 ACDBDDCCDCABACĐáp án bài tập 15was builtare greetedare givenis decoratedare kept

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